Vermicomposting is a process of composting green waste such as kitchen scraps, plant and animal waste, food processing waste, etc. using earthworms. Hence, it is also known as worm composting.
Process of Vermicomposting
Earthworms feed on organic waste that equals to their body weight. They excrete 50% of the food consumed by them. This excreta of earthworms is known as vermicompost. During the process of vermicomposting, earthworms are added to organic waste, which they eat and pass through their digestive tract. The digestive tract of earthworms secretes chemicals to break down the soil and organic waste, which are then excreted in the form of cocoons or castings. These castings are then added to the soil to increase its nutritional content and improve its structure.
How to Use Vermicompost
Vermicompost can be used in multiple ways. You can add it to potted plants or to the soil in your garden or farm. Here is a detailed explanation of how to use vermicompost for different scenarios.
Tips to Use Vermicompost for Potted Plants
Mix vermicompost in a 1: 4 ratio to the potting soil. Add it to your pots and plant a seed or sapling. Add vermicompost to the pot at regular intervals.
You can also make a compost tea with vermicompost castings and water. Spray this tea near the roots of the potted plants.
Tips to Use Vermicompost in Garden or Farm
Spread a layer of vermicompost and dig it into the topsoil when preparing new beds or mulching beds.
Spread a layer of vermicompost around trees, mature plants, and shrubs.
You can also mix vermicompost to potting soil to provide a healthy growing medium for seedlings and transplants.
Vermicompost is an organic, nutrient-rich compost that increases the nutritional value of the soil, and maintains its Ph level. Adding vermicompost to soil helps to reduce diseases in plants, promotes growth and increases the yield.