Vermiculture is a way of using certain forms of earthworms in order to produce some form of vermicompost. It is also known as the production of worms. Vermicompost is defined as a result of the composting process comprising white worms, red wigglers, and earthworms to form heterogeneous mixtures of vermicast, bedding, and food waste. Breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm in transparent vermicast is obtained.
Vermicompost is composed of nutrients which are water-soluble and form the perfect nutrient-rich organic fertiliser. It serves as the soil 's best conditioner. They are, therefore, used in small-scale organic farming. They are also used in the treatment of sewage sludge, oxygen demand for black water or wastewater treatment.
Vermiculture may take place in the cellar or on the house's balcony. A worm bin has the advantage of being able to accelerate the process. They make use of pure garden waste rather than garden waste when the colony is set up. They are smaller than composite bins often.For bins with worms, paper may be used. For example, a text that can't be put in for recycling. Vermiculture is commonly in use in developing nations.
Styles of Earthworms used in vermiculture
Earthworms increase the soil 's consistency when they recycle the organic waste of multiple life types into humus. Based on feeding and burrowing habits, four types of earthworms are grown in vermiculture. They are indicated below:
Endogeic: These earthworms are distinguished by burrowing. They usually set up a horizontal burrow and feed on the material found on the deep surface of the soil.
Epigeic: These earthworms are found on the upper surface of the soil. On fitter soil, they eat. They aren't built for burrowing. They are usually red, brown and red-brown in hue. They are small in size and do not have markings, unlike other types of earthworms.
Anecic: A vertical burrow is constructed and they feed on soiled litter. They are found in the upper part of the field and in deep soil burrows. In the grasslands, castings of these earthworms can be found.
Compost: As the name suggests, these earthworms are present in the compost trap. These kinds of earthworms live in warm weather environments, in the presence of moisture and in a readily available composite material.
Applications in Vermiculture
They can be used as fish feed because the vermicompost is high in protein and other nutrients. It is necessary to take note that excess vermicompost is not placed as a fish food because it should affect the pH of the water.
In the enhancement of land quality. This is due to mining-related soil degradation, increased use of chemical fertilisers, and urbanisation. In order to address this EUI, an Earthworm Inoculation Unit has been created.